An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations. The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern representative democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype , ancient Athens , where the Elections were not used were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition , also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.
How the Electoral College Process Works
Electoral Process in the United States | Scholastic
Voters cast their ballots for president more than a month ago, but the votes that officially matter will be cast Monday. That's when the Electoral College meets. The Constitution gives the electors the power to choose the president, and when all the votes are counted Monday, President-elect Joe Biden is expected to have electoral votes, more than the needed to elect a president, to votes for President Donald Trump. In election years, the Electoral College meets to choose the President on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, times vary by state. A candidate needs at least more than half of the available electoral votes to become President.
United States presidential primary
So you want to be president of the United States. You should know that making it to the White House is a daunting task, logistically speaking. Understanding how the president is elected should be your first priority. There are volumes of campaign finance rules to navigate, thousands of signatures to gather across all 50 states, delegates of the pledged and unpledged varieties to glad-hand, and the Electoral College to deal with.
The electoral process--which includes the selection of candidates, the registration of voters, and the voting procedures--varies throughout the United States. Each state has the power to establish some of its own laws regarding voter requirements and the frequency of statewide elections. However, because the national government establishes federal election requirements, many of the states generally adopt the same rules and practices to reduce expenses and avoid the complexity of having two different systems.