Illuminated manuscripts are a typ ical medium of the middle ages. Usually, books were made from parchment, turning them into long-lasting and prestigious objects. Within the research project C Books and Space in the early Middle Ages Tina Bawden and Karin Gludovatz use manuscripts that have been subject to research already as well as less known examples. They cover pictorial construction of space in book illumination, the book itself as a spatial construct, and the way in which books as objects determine the perception of their surroundings. The main focus is on book illumination of the early and high middle ages. The project benefits from being situated within a context of research concerned with ancient cultures, offering the possibility of understanding how antique conceptions of space were perceived and transformed in later periods.
Free Antiquity Essays and Papers
Ancient Greek medicine: Influences and practice
The archaeological finds at Herculaneum and Pompeii have rendered Naples an especially rich field for the study of the history of restorations, particularly of ancient bronzes. Bringing together the research of an international group of curators, conservators, archivists, and scientists, this extensively illustrated online volume examines the evolving practice of bronze restoration in Naples and other European centers from the eighteenth century to today. Presenting the results of new investigations, this collection of essays and case studies addresses the contexts in which the restorations took place, the techniques and materials used, the role of specialists, and changing attitudes to the display of these statues. Along with a rich selection of images, these texts offer a significant contribution to the history of restoration and conservation, providing valuable information regarding the evolution of taste and museum practices at a formative stage of modern archaeology.
Getty Publications Virtual Library
This is a list of Egyptian Gods and goddesses from Egyptian mythology. The old Egyptians worshipped a few gods at different times and in different places. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The reigns of the emperors Vespasian 69—79 A. They restored stability to Rome following the reign of Nero 54—68 A. Vespasian showed great moderation and common sense in his dealings as emperor, but he was also known for his greed. One reason was that he needed to increase taxation in order to restore public finances and refill the imperial treasury. He reformed the Senate, whose authority and numbers had diminished under Nero and during the civil wars.