Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections. Beginning in the midth century, aside from the work being done by women for broad-based economic and political equality and for social reforms, women sought to change voting laws to allow them to vote. Many instances occurred in recent centuries where women were selectively given, then stripped of, the right to vote. The first province in the world to award and maintain women's suffrage continuously was Pitcairn Islands in , and the first sovereign nation was Norway in , as the Kingdom of Hawai'i , which originally had universal suffrage in , rescinded this in and was subsequently annexed by the United States in
The Nineteenth Amendment
Woman Suffrage Movement | Researchomatic
Apartheid, the system of racial and ethnic separation introduced in South Africa in , was a gendered project. The immediate goal of the white Afrikaner men who led the apartheid state was to control black men: to turn black men from perceived political and criminal threats into compliant workers. White women uniquely had the franchise and freedom of movement, but they were also constrained by sexually repressive laws. First, it failed because African women increasingly moved from rural areas to urban centers, despite laws limiting their mobility. Second, it failed because some women organized across ethnic and racial lines.
Women’s Suffrage Essay
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Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, 28 January — 1 April was an Irish crystallographer who proved that the benzene ring was flat by X-ray diffraction methods in She was the first to use Fourier spectral methods while solving the structure of hexachlorobenzene in During her career she attained several firsts for a woman scientist, including one of the first two women elected a Fellow of the Royal Society FRS in along with Marjory Stephenson , first woman tenured professor at University College London, first woman president of the International Union of Crystallography, and first woman president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. In , she joined the crystallography research team headed by William Henry Bragg at the Royal Institution.