Milgram conducted one of the most famous and influential psychological investigations of obedience. He wanted to find out if ordinary American citizens would obey an unjust order from an authority figure and inflict pain on another person because they were instructed to. The 40 participants were all invited to a laboratory at Yale University and upon arrival they met with the experimenter and another participant, Mr Wallace, who were both confederates. The experimenter explained that one person would be randomly assigned the role of teacher and the other, a learner. However, the real participant was always assigned the role of teacher. The experimenter explained that the teacher, the real participant, would read the learner a series of word pairs and then test their recall.
Heuristic-Systematic Model of Persuasion
Milgram's Experiments and the Perils of Obedience
Social psychology looks at how people influence and are influenced by others. How the members of a group influence an individual is an important part of social psychology research. In summary, it pertains to any changes in the way an individual acts, thinks, or behaves as a result of interaction with another person or group of people. This differs from changed behavior brought about as a result of persuasion. When someone tries to persuade another person it is the intention of the individual to do so, while social influence can come from intentional as well as unintentional acts. The rules of society, or societal norms, play a significant role in social influence as do conformity and obedience Fiske, While conformity focuses on changing to fit into a group, obedience has more to do with the level of authority of the person doing the influencing.
Chapter 14: Social Psychology
Obedience to Authority No human social organization can function without some degree of obedience to authority, as the alternative would be anarchy leading to total chaos. Hence we find some sort of a hierarchy in both the most underdeveloped and the most civilized societies where certain individuals exercise authority over others. Almost everyone will agree that some degree of authority in certain individuals or groups and their obedience by other groups is desirable for the proper functioning. Almost everyone will agree that some degree of authority in certain individuals or groups and their obedience by other groups is desirable for the proper. Authority and Obedience Thesis: We consciously or unconsciously obey authority in all walks of life on a daily basis.
By Dr. Saul McLeod , published Obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure. It is assumed that without such an order the person would not have acted in this way. Millions of people were killed in Nazi Germany in concentration camps but Hitler couldn't have killed them all, nor could a handful of people.