The Psychological Contract
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In: Philosophy and Psychology. Psychological Contract The notion of the "psychological contract" was first coined by Argyris to refer to employer and employee expectations of the employment relationship, i. Since then there have been many attempts to develop and refine this concept. Argyris used the concept to describe an implicit agreement between a group of employees and their supervisor. Other influential early writers such as Levinson, Price, Munden, and Solley used the concept to describe the set of expectations and obligations that individual employees spoke of when talking about their work experience. They identified a number of different types of employee expectations, held both consciously for example expectations about job performance, security, and financial rewards and unconsciously for example being looked after by the employer.
Characteristics Of A Psychological Contract Essay
Psychological contracts are the mental representation based on belief or perception, so it may help the employees and employers get rid of a complicated employment relationship. For instance, the employees and employers may understand very clearly about the terms and conditions and what they have been agreed upon. The perception of each individual is very important and essential Ekelund et al, , Thus, when they work in a high competitive group, it could motivate them to implement their work consciously. Combined with a few exceptions, some researches cite that psychological contract is only regarding to the employee—manager relation and the term that mostly
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