Before you start writing an academic research proposal - step 0, if you like - take some time to review the rules of proposal writing in general. Academic research proposals follow similar guidelines, but also make unique demands of the writer. A research proposal should be built on a concrete plan to conduct academic or scientific research. It outlines not only what you plan on researching, but it also explains all the procedures for qualitative and quantitative study you intend on using. A research proposal for academic writing analyzes a topic and proposes a hypothesis for that topic. You will normally see this sort of proposal as a precursor to a doctoral dissertation or a master's degree level thesis paper.
10 Steps to Writing an Academic Research Proposal
How to Write a Research Proposal | Guide and Template
A research proposal is a document proposing a research project, generally in the sciences or academia , and generally constitutes a request for sponsorship of that research. Research proposals may be solicited , meaning that they are submitted in response to a request with specified requirements, such as a request for proposal , or they may be unsolicited , meaning they are submitted without prior request. Other types of proposals include "preproposals", where a letter of intent or brief abstract is submitted for review prior to submission of a full proposal; continuation proposals, which re-iterate an original proposal and its funding requirements in order to ensure continued funding; and renewal proposals, which seek continued sponsorship of a project which would otherwise be terminated. Academic research proposals are generally written as part of the initial requirements of writing a thesis , research paper , or dissertation. This basic structure may vary between projects and between fields, each of which may have its own requirements.
How To Write an Academic Research Proposal
Published on May 2, by Shona McCombes. Revised on December 8, The format of a research proposal varies between fields, but most proposals should contain at least these elements:.
Research is " creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". A research project may be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects or the project as a whole. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies , which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences.