Building resilience of critical infrastructure is becoming increasingly vital, especially in developing countries, in the face of existing socio-economic vulnerabilities, increasing demand for resources and climate change impacts. Rural regions in developing countries are exceptionally vulnerable to climate change as they are subject to different and complex non-climate challenges in terms of inadequate investment in agriculture, commercialisation, land use, socio-economic marginalisation, environmental degradation and institutional barriers IPCC This is a major concern for India as about 67 percent of its population lives in rural areas and is mostly dependent on agriculture and natural resources for livelihoods. Climate change is further exacerbating existing vulnerabilities.
People's Lives before and after implementation of MGNREGA -a case of tribal Rajasthan
MGNREGA Case Study - Words | Cram
We know now that the Indian economy is in the midst of a slowdown; GDP growth has been steadily deteriorating since There is ample evidence today that demonetisation in late resulted in a decline in incomes, an extended slump in domestic agricultural trade and high levels of informal debt Chodorow-Reich, et al ; Wadhwa, ; Aggrawal and Narayanan, to name a few. While academic evidence on the impact of the Goods and Services Tax GST is more limited, there is a sense that its implementation undermined the condition of those working in small and medium enterprises. International organisations too have attributed slow growth to the cut back of spending and disappointing tax collections after GST. By many accounts, growth rates in wages have decelerated somewhat in the past five years, with the growth in the construction wages reportedly decreasing Himanshu Even before the slowdown set in, consumption levels had fallen.
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005
Manmohan Singh. It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The act was first proposed in by P. Narasimha Rao. The MGNREGA was initiated with the objective of "enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work".
Topics Covered: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Over The key tenet of this social measure and labour law is that the local government will have to legally provide at least days of wage employment in rural India to enhance their quality of life.