In a thesis, a literature review is part of the introduction, but it can be a separate section as well. It is designed to provide an overview of the sources you have explored while researching a particular topic, such as books, journal articles and theses. A good literature review does not just summarize sources, it analyzes previous research showing gaps that your own research will attempt to fill. It also demonstrates to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study. In the first step, make sure you know specifically what the assignment is and what form your literature review should take.
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Published on February 22, by Shona McCombes. Revised on March 9, A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods , and gaps in the existing research.
How to Write a Literature Review?
Use a variety of resources - locate books , journals , and documents that contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Do not rely solely on electronic full-text material which is more easily available. Reference sources such as dictionaries can assist in defining terminology, and encyclopaedias may provide useful introductions to your topic by experts in the field and will list key references. See the chapter below for a helpful overview of the literature review process, especially the sections on how to analyse the literature you have gathered and how to write up your literature review:.
If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail hrallis d. Last updated: April 19, [Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the the steps from: Galvan, J. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences 3rd ed. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.